Nigeria – Travel Guide
Facts to assist you when travelling to Nigeria
- The current population of Nigeria stands at 218.5 million (2022).
Capital and Largest City
- Nigeria’s capital city is Lagos, with nearly 16 million citizens.
- There are over 525 native languages in Nigeria, but the most commonly spoken language is English. Other more prominent languages in the county are Hausa, Yoruba, and Igbo.
- The Naira is the official currency for Nigeria.
- Nigeria adheres to the regulations of the International Labour Organisation, so employees are required to work for 8 hours a day, 5 days a week.
- People in Nigeria enjoy their weekends on Saturdays and Sundays.
- Nigeria lies within the UTC+1 time zone, West African Time.
- Nigeria’s calling code is +234.
- While tipping in Nigeria is customary, service charges may be added to your bill. Gratuity is usually calculated as 10% of the total bill in Nigeria.
- Nigeria has a combined total of 97 Embassies and High Commissions abroad, in addition to another 12 Consulates.
- The All Progressives Congress (APC) currently holds the most seats in Nigerian Parliament.
- Climate in Nigeria is primarily Tropical. The country has three climatic regions, namely the Tropical Monsoon Climate, Tropical Savannah Climate, Sehelian hot and semi-arid climates. Nigeria’s dry seasons typically extend from October to April every year, while their wet seasons last from April to September.
- Nigeria boasts a total of 31 international airports distributed across 36 states. The main international airports are Murtala Mohammed International Airport in Lagos, Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport in Abuja, and Akanu Ibiam International Airport in Enugu.
- Nigeria has the largest economy in Africa and the 31st largest economy in the world based on nominal GDP. Nigeria’s economy consists of a middle-income, mixed economy and emerging market. Industries such as manufacturing, financial, service, communications, and technology are the most stable and ever-growing.
- Nigeria’s society is hierarchical. People who are older or in a higher societal position is often more respected. Wisdom is believed to come with age, so older people are granted respect. When greeting someone older, it is a sign of respect to bow the head. The most common greeting in Nigeria is the handshake, however, Muslim Nigerians will not shake the hand of the opposite sex.
- When greeting a group of people, it is customary to greet the eldest of the groups first. Address people by their professional, academic, or honorific title and their surname, and wait for them to invite you to use their first names. It is also polite to ask about the person’s health, the health of their family, or other social niceties. Rushing the greeting process is considered rude.
- The Nigerian Naira is divided into 100 kobo. In order to ensure monetary and price stability in the country, the Central Bank of Nigeria is the only distributer of legal tender money in the entire country, and it also controls the volume of money supplied to Nigeria’s economy.
- Nigeria’s transportation industry is constantly developing to accommodate for their growing population. Infrastructure for Nigeria’s transport industry comprises of the Federal Highway System of Nigeria, which is a collection of national roads that connects the economic and political centres within the country to one another. The Federal Highway System of Nigeria also connects it to other neighbouring countries. Nigerians drive on the right-hand side of the road.
- Crime levels in Nigeria is made up mostly of crimes such as scams, kidnappings, robberies, and terrorism. While many will say that Nigeria is not the safest place to travel to and live in, natives of the country might disagree as they consider their people to amongst the friendliest in Africa. However, safety is a concern for expats, tourists and foreigners, so it is best to take precaution.
- Nigeria consists of over 1150 ethnic groups and dialects, in addition to over 520 native languages. The largest ethnic groups by population is the Hausas, Yoruba, and Igbo. The rest of the ethnic groups in the country is considered as ‘’minorities.’’ Nigerians love food, art, music, and literature.
- Shopping malls in the larger cities of the country are modern and boasts luxurious scenes and stores. There are plenty of shopping malls, theatres, supermarkets, and other entertainment options throughout the country.
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Written by Saudika Hendricks
Edited by Eloise Williams